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The main goal of this research theme is to develop a common framework for research of conflicts and security issues, leading to the accomplishment of the Horizon 2020 strategic goals in tackling global societal challenges together with international partners of the EU. Topics such as multi-paradigmatic understanding of war and peace, violence, ethnic conflicts, globalization, regionalization, integration, national and international security will be the key areas of research and innovation.
The EU countries, several countries associated to the EU’s Horizon2020 (e.g. Turkey, Moldova) and Russia share a long history of war and peace. The geographic proximity, geopolitics, competition and cooperation for the global markets are issues that need to be addressed with priority. However, the whole plethora of initiatives and partnerships or generous strategic goals cannot be completed without a common understanding of the roots of cultural, historical, ethnic or ideological conflicts, and a construction of a common vision, based on research and innovation.
Two issues deserve thorough study in this context: demographic challenges and ethnic conflicts in the EU and in Russia, which arise as a consequence of many factors. Demographic challenges, the nature of conflict in general and of ethnic conflicts in particular must become an object of multidisciplinary investigation. This research involves historical, psychological, sociological, philological, economic, political and other aspects. The result of this will be an unprejudiced general picture of the contemporary demographic situation in the EU and in Russia. On the basis of this empirical research, a conceptual framework will emerge permitting to show ways for solving practical problems.
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